Paul S. Fisk, President NDT Corporation
Testing Post Tensioning Ducts for Voids
Void PT duct at Anchorage.
Grout voids in post tensioning ducts create the potential for corrosion and failure of tendons. Sonic/ultrasonic impact echo testing is used to locate grout voids. Voids are verified with a small drill hole and tendon corrosion conditions documented with a bore-scope video. NDT Corporation has completed PT duct testing projects for the I-93 Boston, MA Central Artery, Jamestown Verrazano, RI, and S 54 Kellogg Wichita, KS Bridges.
Inspection and Rehabilitation of Jamestown-Verrazzano Segmental Concrete Bridge
The Jamestown-Verrazzano Bridge over Narragansett Bay, RI.
The Jamestown-Verrazzano Bridge over Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island is a 4,950-foot-long prestressed segmental box girder main bridge with 23 spans varying in length from 109 to 636 feet. NDT Corporation acquired over 93,000 linear feet of nondestructive sonic/ultrasonic impact-echo (sonic/ultrasonic) measurements on the main bridge's concrete top slab, webs and bottom slab containing the tendons to evaluate the grouted tendon ducts for voids. Of the approximately 1,520 tendon ducts tested, 114 tendon ducts were determined to have voids. Void lengths ranged from over 314 feet to 1 foot. In most cases the tendons were grout covered but some of the tendons were exposed and corroded. The nondestructive testing for void detection in the grout consists of two elements: Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) to locate the duct and sonic/ultrasonic testing to detect voided tendon grout. Confirmation of nondestructive test results for the tendon ducts was accomplished by drilling a 1-inch diameter hole to the duct and using a 7/8- inch diameter hole saw or a modified screwdriver to open the duct. Video observations inside the duct and photo documentation are made using a bore-scope with a flexible shaft and articulating head.
NDT technician attaching sensors to a timber pile for pulse echo measurements to determine pile length and length of embedment.
Seismic Refraction Profiling Bedrock at Bridge Abutments
Since our inception 20 years ago NDT Corporation has been providing specialized testing services to help bridge engineers evaluate, understand and rate bridges. The testing services include geophysical seismic refraction and cross-hole measurements and nondestructive GPR and sonic/ultrasonic impact velocity and echo measurements. Individually and combined these testing techniques can provide information to determine construction details, locate construction defects, evaluate the current condition, and provide soil and bedrock properties.
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